During the early 19th century, the dominant colony of the regions which were later amalgamated as the Straits Settlements, that being Penang, Malacca and Singapore, was the Spanish Dollar. Additionally Java rupees and guilders were often used in the colony but they had a reputation of having a silver content less than that of the Spanish Dollar. Because of this, in 1823 the government declared the Spanish Dollar the legal currency of the settlements but this left the colony without any lower denomination medium of exchange.
While some early trials were made, the coinage that eventuated as the first circulating coins for colony were the one quarter, one half and one cent coins bearing a wreath on the reverse with the legend EAST INDIA COMPANY and the date 1845 at the bottom despite the issue being stuck from 1847 to 1862. The denomination of ONE CENT is at the center of the reverse. The obverse features the Wyon Young Head portrait of Queen Victoria.
The series was struck in the one quarter, one half and one cent denominations with the one cent being the most common. All coins are difficult to source in mint state and extremely tough to acquire with any level of original mint red. Proofs were struck of all denominations though these are extremely rare and only appear on the market a few times per decade.